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Guatemala's Flowers

Orchids - Orquideas

Lycaste skinneri var alba

The national flower of Guatemala. Very rare and endangered species, very hard to see in the wild, from very humid high habitats. Spectacular white flower with no traces of yellow or pink.  


Cattleya skinnerii

‘Cabeza Grande’
 This classic Cattleya is from Guatemala and Costa Rica. ‘Cabeza Grande’ means big head, given because it produces larger than normal clusters of 2in bright lavender flowers on each stem, with a broad white blotched lip

Cattleya x guatemalensis
Natural Guatemalan hybrid from Cattleya skinneri x C. aurantiaca, medium size flower, color ranges from pale yellow to purple, dominates salmon color.
Lycaste skinneri rosea
Guatemalan species from the Verapaz region, big flowers, from pale pink to lilac, deep colored in the lip, grows in temperate very humid forests.
Oncidium ampliatum


From the low dry forests of Guatemala. Medium size inflorescence s many flowered, with yellow flowers brown spotted on the base of the lip and petals. Leaves and pseudobulbs spotted with brown.

Oncidum oliganthum

A rare species from the high humid forests of Guatemala. Medium size yellow and brown showy flowers in a simple raceme.

Oncidium sphacelatum


Species from the Mesoamerican region, medium raceme fully flowered with bright yellow brown spotted flowers.

Oncidium stenoglossum
A very rare species from the mid lands very humid forests of Guatemala. Large plant with long raceme few flowered with medium size flowers, white lip with purple, petals yellow-green blotched and banded with brown.
Palumbina candida
Very rare and endemic Guatemalan species. Small single white flower with a large lip, grows in cold humid weather.
Rhyncholaelia digbyana

Very rare and endemic Guatemalan species. Small single white flower with a large lip, grows in cold humid weather.

Masdevalia floribunda var tuerckheimii

Small epiphytic plant with purple tubular flowers, grows in temperate humid forests of Guatemala. The tuerckheimii variety has very dark purple flowers.

Laelia anceps
Grows in the low dry oak forests of Guatemala. Medium size flower pale lavender with yellow column.
Jacquiniella equitantifolia
From the low very humid dense forests, one of the five species of Jacquiniellas of Guatemala. With flat bright green leaves, small white flowers. Selected mother plant.
Epidendrum nocturnum

Guatemalan species, medium size flower, white with yellow inside the lip, fragant at nights, grows in high and low lands temperate to warm weather.

Brassavola nodosa


Strongly epiphytic or litophytic from the dry low forests of Guatemala. Grows very easy on warm climate. 3-5 flowers raceme, big white showy flower with brown spots on the lip.
Cattleya aurantiaca

Guatemalan species, with small orange flower with dark spots on lip, warm climate, very easy growing.

Encyclia bacullus

Pale yellow flower, very fragant, medium size, grows in Guatemalan humid warm forests

Encyclia alata
Encyclia alata

native to Central America
2" honey colored fragrant flowers, two-foot flower spike is branched and the flowers are long-lasting

Encyclia selligera

species from Guatemala; sepals and petals of the flowers are pale green streaked and suffused with red-brown; lip is white to light pink and many times will have lavender markings; the fragrant flowers are produced on branching spikes

Oncidium leucochilum

species from Honduras and Guatemala; this large plant can have long flower stalks that grow from the new growth; stalks will have many lightly fragrant flowers; petals and sepals are yellow to greenish with red-brown blotches; white lip is quite large and the callus is tinged with purple or yellow
Oncidium luridum

mule-ear, species from Central America
flowers have a heavy substance and vary
in color ranging anywhere from red, yellow to mahogany
bloom on robust branching spikes
Oncidium maculatum

Species from Central America. This plant has tall sprays of fragrant flowers. The flowers are mahogany brown and chartreuse with a cream lip and are very long-lasting. This species has been used extensively in Oncidium intergeneric breeding.
Oncidium microchilum

Rare species from   Guatemala; 1˝” long-lasting flowers on tall, upright, branching inflorescences, many times over 50 per spike; flowers are an olive-brown to a reddish brown and the white lip is marked with burgundy; plants grow similar to Oncidium splendidum with 12” stiff semi-mule-ear leaves and a 1” rounded pseudo bulb

Galeandra batemanii

A species native to Central America; these  plants have thin leaves somewhat like a stretched cymbidium and can stand up to 1 1/2 foot tall; long-lasting trumpet shaped flowers have a very prominent pink-lavender lip with the brownish sepals and petals flare out and look like a crown
Gongora quinquenervis

a unique plant from Central America; this is found growing in fairly humid conditions on the trunk and main branches of trees -- not much more than head height; the 2 ˝” flowers can be produced in numbers of up to 30 per pendulous spike; the flowers are a creamy yellow with dark reddish-brown spots
Trigonidium egertonianium

a Central American species which is a very easy compact plant to grow and has very interesting looking flowers commonly referred to as “the dragon’s mouth orchid”; this plant is a relative to Maxillaries and should be grown similarly; the tall stemmed single flowers are a cream to butter yellow with red-brown veining
Cattleya skinneri


Mesoamerican species, medium size flower, fuchsia color, warm weather, very easy growing.
Encyclia aromatica (E. aromatica x self)
Now know as Encyclia incumbens. Wide distributed yet uncommon species from the low deciduous oak forests of Guatemala. Large inflorescence many flowered with pale yellow small flowers with deep red spots and veins on the lip.

Heliconias are remarkable plants, not only for the beauty of their flowers, but also for the fact that they are so mysterious -- so little is known about them, their cultivation and care. Anyone traveling in the tropics will marvel at these large, eye-catching plants when they are in bloom. Although these large tropical flowers are natives to only Central and South America and some islands of the South Pacific, their easy cultivation and spectacular presence have made them favorite garden subjects throughout the world. They have become increasingly popular as decorative flowers, especially in those regions where they cannot be grown in the garden.

Heliconia wagneriana Peterson
Tiger Flower
Tigridia pavonia  

Country of Origin: Guatemala. (Peacock flower, Tiger flower) A bulbous perennial with wildly exotic, large flowers that look like a cross between an iris and an orchid in dazzling shades of pink, red and yellow. Grow in well-drained sandy soil in full sun. May survive the winter outside in mild areas in a sunny, sheltered spot with a thick mulch. Otherwise lift and store frost-free. Each bloom lasts only one day.



Tillandsia velutina


Tilandisia Fasciculata Bulbergia Pyramidalys var concolor
Catopsis nutans
One of the most common Bromelia in Guatemala City
Noergelia Carolinae

Flor de Pascua

Euphorbia pulcherrima

Origin Central America, Represents Christmas in many countries


Firespike, Cardinal Guard, Scarlet Flame Odontonema strictum
Image from Desert-Tropicals
The Firespike blooms in summer and fall, even in the shade. The flowers come in crimson red waxy spikes. Each flower is about one inch long (2.5 cm). It is a good hummingbird plant
Origin: Central America
Zebra Plant
Aphelandra squarrosa Nees

Image from Desert-Tropicals
The yellow flowers of the zebra plant come in late summer and fall.
Origin: Mountains of Mexico to Brazil
  Mexican Plume
 Justicia fulvicoma Schltdl. & Cham.

Synonym: Beloperone fulvicoma, Beloperone comosa

Mexican Plume (Justicia  fulvicoma)
Image from Desert-Tropicals
Origin: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras
Orange Plume Flower
Justicia spicigera Schltdl.
Synonym: Jacobinia spicigera, Justicia ghiesbreghtiana, Sericographis ghiesbreghtiana


Image from Desert-Tropicals
Origin: Mexico south to South America
Softseed Wild petunia
Scientific Name: Ruellia malacosperma Greenm.
Softseed Wild petunia (Ruellia  malacosperma)
Image from Desert-Tropicals
Origin: Southern USA to South America



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Last updated 28/01/2011 17:07:33 -0500
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